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WisdomTree reports Chinese equities are holding up well during COVID-19 market volatility


Chinese equities have emerged as a safe harbour from market volatility, posting a smaller loss of -10 per cent in comparison to the US at -20 per cent and Europe at -23 per cent respectively in the first quarter of 2020, according to Aneeka Gupta, Director, Research, WisdomTree.

Gupta says that investors are starting to pay closer attention to Chinese equities as their valuations are attractive in comparison to the rest of the developed world on a Price to Earnings (P/E) basis. 

“While the rest of the world continues to grapple with the COVID-19 epidemic, China is providing further evidence of a recovery after the new daily confirmed cases peaked in early February aided by its draconian lockdown measures used to contain the spread of the coronavirus,” she writes.

High frequency data is continuing to improve highlighting China’s renewed priority of normalising activities. 

“We have observed industrial sectors resuming at a faster pace relative to the consumer and service sectors owing to loss of employment and household income. Daily coal consumption is around 80 per cent of the normal level, while 65 per cent of migrant workers have returned to their place of work. 

“Although mass transit journeys remain 70 per cent below normal, strict quarantine arrangements are being loosened rapidly by local authorities across China. Overall consumption is at 85 per cent of normal levels, while online spending is back to normal levels. However large ticket items like autos and home sales and travel related categories remain well below normal levels. Since auto retail sales account for 10 per cent of total retail sales we expect to see further stimulus to help support demand.”

Gupta writes that the economically important coastal province of Jiangsu is aiming for the full opening of all schools and colleges by April 13. Museums and some national restaurant chains that have been closed since late January are also beginning to re-open. After declining to a record low of 35.7 in February, the official Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) rebounded to 52 in March, according to National Bureau of Statistics, signalling that the world’s second largest economy is getting back to work, she writes.

“It is important to note that China’s recovery comes at the cusp of slumping external demand from the rest of the world. For this reason, investors will remain on the lookout for whether Beijing can kickstart the economy via appropriate monetary and fiscal policy. In February, the Chinese government has rolled out fiscal support of over RMB1.2 trillion and indicated plans to issue special treasury bonds. However, these measures fall short of what we have seen outlined by other developed market economies. 

“The politburo meetings urged to ‘strengthen offsetting policies and effectively increase domestic demand’ and ‘strive to achieve this year’s development goals’, signalling that the authorities will be taking stronger action to stabilise economic growth. In our view, more liquidity will be injected by the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) via both broad-based and targeted methods, such as reductions in the required reserve ratio and offering liquidity via targeted Medium Term Lending Facilities (MLFs) which work as the base for the one year Loan Prime Rate – the main reference rate for corporate loans. The People’s Bank of China injected RMB50 billion yuan into the banking sector via its seven-day reverse repo facility on 30 March 2020 with the interest rate lowered to 2.2 per cent from 2.45 per cent.”

Gupta concludes: “Since the COVID-19 pandemic has taken its roots, the achievement of the first phase of the US-China trade deal at the end of 2019 looks like a distant memory. The reality is Chinese equity markets ended 2019 on a firm footing. Despite ongoing strong headwinds – weak global external demand, lower domestic consumption, further supply disruptions, we expect China to see a rebound in GDP by the second quarter of 2020 supported by additional fiscal and monetary stimulus measures.”

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