ESG assets are on track to exceed USD50 trillion by 2025, representing more than a third of the projected USD140.5 trillion in total global assets under management, according to Bloomberg Intelligence’s (BI) latest ESG 2021 Midyear Outlook report.
ESG assets surpassed USD35 trillion in 2020 up from USD30.6 trillion in 2018 and USD22.8 trillion in 2016, reaching a third of current total global assets under management, according to the Global Sustainable Investment Association. ESG assets crossing the USD35 trillion mark is in-line with BI’s own base-case scenario.
Assuming 15 per cent growth, half of the pace of the past five years, ESG assets could exceed USD50 trillion by 2025. BI adds that the world is on track to have a USD1 trillion ESG ETF market and an USD11 trillion ESG debt market by 2025. Both ESG ETF and ESG debt are leading the growth among ESG investing strategies.
Adeline Diab, Head of ESG and Thematic Investing EMEA & APAC at Bloomberg Intelligence, says: “The pandemic and the global race to net zero carbon emissions have put ESG criteria into orbit – from niche to mainstream to mandatory. ESG is fundamentally reshaping the financial industry, becoming part of financial reporting. This is in part due to mounting scrutiny from regulators, markets being more sensitive to ESG-related news, and asset owners appointing managers on the basis of ESG across asset classes.
“While Europe has historically led on ESG assets, the US has seen over 40 per cent growth over the past two years and now accounts for USD17 trillion, so nearly half of the global USD35 trillion ESG assets under management. Europe’s ESG product landscape may serve as a barometer for what to expect globally. The region’s ESG mutual funds and ETFs accounted for circa 25 per cent of all European products in 2020. Particularly, products are increasingly being rebranded as ESG, as investors seek to attract assets. However, this trend may be a double-edged sword as regulators scrutinise these products more closely.”
According to BI’s report, ESG ETFs’ inflows are on track to surpass the projected USD115 billion in 2021 given over 65 per cent of the inflows have already been recorded in the first half of the year. February 2021 saw the highest monthly inflows recorded with USD20.5 billion, beating the previous record of November 2020 at USD13 billion. The trend is in line with BI’s bull case scenario which assumes 35 per cent per annum growth and, as such, BI expects USD1 trillion in ESG ETFs by 2025.
Diab says: “ESG ETF cumulative assets reached around USD225 billion in 2020 accounting for almost 15 per cent of global ETF asset growth that year. Though Europe has dominated ESG ETFs, U.S. products have supported the next wave of organic expansion.”
BI’s latest ESG 2021 Midyear Outlook also noted that the USD3 trillion ESG debt market could grow rapidly to USD11 trillion by 2025, assuming it expands at half the pace of the past five years. Growth is unlikely to slow, driven by companies, development projects and central banks focused on the pandemic and green-recovery efforts, the push to net zero and record low interest rates.
For instance, the European Union’s pledge of EUR100 billion to support employment, the EU’s EUR225 billion to fund a post-pandemic recovery, US President Joe Biden’s USD1.2 trillion infrastructure strategy, and the challenge of China’s 2023 green-debt maturities all signal ample room for new issuance.
Diab says: “ESG debt is an exciting trend – it is an innovative approach for corporates and markets to harness capital to drive ESG adoption and finance the energy transition for example. We expect this momentum to escalate rapidly given the demand for quality, ESG-compliant debt from institutional investors. Sustainability-linked bonds and loans have emerged as a new asset class and helped to spur this momentum of growth – they already reached 50 per cent of total green bond sales within the last four years.”
Overall, across all asset classes, the role that regulation plays will be significant. In Europe, for instance, the ESG trend will continue to develop as asset managers comply with regulations such as the EU Taxonomy and SFDR to attract assets. BI forecasts ESG funds in Europe to double their market share with rebranded products making up half of ESG funds by 2025 – a growth spurred by client demand and an unprecedented level of product development. Scrutiny and requirements from regulators are increasing to address the risk of greenwashing.